OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos 2021, nr. 1(31)

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  • Publication
    Žvilgsnis į darbdavį: migracijos ir pasitenkinimo darbo santykiais bei darbdaviais Lietuvoje ir užsienyje sąsajos
    [Looking at employers: the relationship between migration and satisfaction with relations at work and with employers in Lithuania and abroad]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos = Lithuanian migration and diaspora studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2021, nr. 1 (31), p. 7-45
    The relations between employers and employees in the context of migration have until recently not been an object of significant research in Lithuania. It is worth emphasizing that when research on this subject is initiated by representatives of employers, the needs and evaluations of employees remain largely unacknowledged. Especially well-noticed in the public sphere is research initiated by the Lithuanian Confederation of Industrialists and its cooperation with the Lithuanian government, with the country’s universities, and with (non)governmental organizations carrying out research that seeks to understand migration as a phenomenon in Lithuania and ensuring the smooth functioning of business organizations in Lithuania. In this case the mutual relations of employees and their views of labor relations and of their employer are only a minor part of such research. But in order to better understand the causes of Lithuanian migration that minor part must become one of the key aspects of research. Satisfaction with relations at the place of work and with the employer extends economic causality from just an issue of remuneration to social values such as how people feel in the work-place, conditions of working, and attitudes to the employer based on workload distribution, respect for the employee, the stress level in the workplace, the bosses’s sensitivity to the employees’ personal problems, career opportunities, relations among employees, and the existence of a shadow economy. Such a broad field of research enables one to arrive at a more detailed and comprehensive description and analysis of labor relations and of attitudes toward employers in Lithuania.
      129  118
  • Publication
    Seeds on rocky ground: returning migrants and their influence on the realm of religion in Lithuania
    [Sėklos uolėtoje dirvoje: grįžtamosios migracijos poveikis religingumui Lietuvoje]
    journal article
    Strumickienė, Ilona
    OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos, 2021, nr. 1(31), p. 47-57
    This paper aims to draw attention to returnees’ impact on the development of Lithuanian society after 1990 and especially on the realm of religion. The post-Soviet reality of Lithuania encouraged some migrants to return and contribute to the strengthening of the Lithuanian state and society through their work and social capital. It was particularly evident in returnees, as presenters of Catholic culture and values. For them, it was apparent that the spiritual situation in Lithuanian society is sad and requires assistance. The idea of Lithuaniaʼs spiritual renewal became a driving force for many return migrants who emphasized their Catholic identity. Strengthening the Catholic Church in Lithuania as an institution and ties between the believers, also the development of theology studies are the spheres where the influence of returnees is the most prominent. Due to Lithuaniaʼs societyʼs different social, ideological, and religious settings, the attempts of returnees to broaden the popularity of Catholic NGOs and political organizations related to Christian democracy have not been so effective.
      98  66
  • Publication
    Vokietijos lietuvių jaunimo sąjungos (VLJS) susikūrimas ir veikla
    [The creation and activities of the Lithuanian Youth Community in Germany]
    journal article
    Bartusevičius, Vincas
    OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos, 2021, nr. 1(31), p. 59-71
    Straipsnyje analizuojama Vokietijos lietuvių jaunimo sąjungos (VLJS) susikūrimo 1974 m. ir raidos istorija. Organizacija atliko svarbų vaidmenį Vokietijos lietuvių bendruomenės (VLB) gyvenime, nors rūpinosi daugiausia renginiais jaunimui. Buvo rengiamos diskusijos, seminarai, stovyklos, leisti jaunimo leidinėliai, biuleteniai. Didelę VLJS veiklos dalį sudarė politinis darbas: sąjunga rengdavo politinius seminarus, aktyviai jungdavosi į įvairias politines bei protesto akcijas remiant Lietuvos ir kitų Pabaltijo kraštų laisvės siekius.
      81  44
  • Publication
    Bendrojo Amerikos lietuvių šalpos fondo kūrimo 1943–1944 metais peripetijos
    [The circumstances surrounding the creation in 1943–1945 of the United Lithuanian Relief Fund of America (BALF)]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos = Lithuanian migration and diaspora studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2021, nr. 1 (31), p. 73-90
    In their memoirs, the activists of various Lithuanian-American organizations highlight their personal or their organization’s contributions to the establishment of the United Lithuanian Relief Fund of America (BALF). Getting clear on how this charitable organization was founded required researching archival documents and other sources. During the years from 1940 to 1943 Lithuanian representatives in the United States repeatedly called for the establishment of a general Lithuanian charitable agency. During these war years many funding institutions created in the emigration did not meet the needs of Lithuanian refugees and deportees. The need for one united foundation became apparent. At its conference in 1943 in Pittsburgh the Lithuanian-American Council (ALT) undertook to establish such a fund. The U.S. government recognized only registered foundations controlled by the U.S. and only allowed these to send donations it had collected to foreign countries. The only such fund in the U.S. was the Lithuanian National Relief Fund established by Lithuanian Nationalists (tautininkai) in America. This became the crux of the debate between the Lithuanian-American Council and the Nationalists in forming the united relief fund. The Nationalists made some concessions, and discontinuing their own fund they agreed to join in creating the United Lithuanian Relief Fund of America. This guaranteed a larger collection of donations and membership in the U.S. National War Fund, which eventually made available large amounts of money for the relief of Lithuanians in Europe. Even though BALF was founded on March 25, 1944 and registered, it took a while before it was admitted to the U.S. National War Fund. [...]
      110  68
  • Publication
    Permainos Lietuvos Respublikos generaliniame konsulate Čikagoje (1970–1971)
    [Changes in the Lithuanian consulate general in Chicago (1970–1971)]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos = Lithuanian migration and diaspora studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2020, nr. 2 (30), p. 91-108
    Nearly 50 years of the history of Lithuania’s consulate general in Chicago are closely tied to the figures of the diplomats Dr. Petras Povilas Daužvardis and his wife Juzefa Rauktytė-Daužvardienė. Archival documents show that in 1970, a year before Dr. P. P. Daužvardis’s passing, the Lithuanian legation in Washington, D.C. with the knowledge of the U.S. State Department raised the issue of joining the legation and the consulates general in Chicago and New York into a single entity. The arguments offered by Consul General Dr. P. P. Daužvardis gave precedence to the question of personnel over the question of finances and helped save the diplomatic post in Chicago from being abolished. More than a month before the consul general’s death (September 26, 1971), the Supreme Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania (VLIK) became concerned with the question of who would become the chief of the consulate general in Chicago. Thanks to Dr. P. P. Daužvardis’s arguments and the support given them by the head of the Lithuanian Diplomatic Service and the consuls general in New York and Toronto, it was J. Rauktytė-Daužvardienė who was named the Lithuanian honorary consul general in Chicago after her husband’s death.
      97  50