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Type of publication: master thesis
Field of Science: Teisė / Law (S001)
Author(s): Leščiauskas, Gediminas
Title: Ar europos sąjungos teisės aktų viršenybės principas lietuvos respublikos nacionalinių teisės aktų (konstitucijos)atžvilgiu nepažeidžia valstybės narės suvereniteto?
Other Title: Does the European Union law acts of supremacy in regard to the Republic of Lithuania national law acts (Constitution) violate states' sovereignty ?
Extent: 35 p.
Date: 5-Jun-2014
Keywords: suverenitetas;konstitucija;Europos Sąjunga;European Union;constitutution;supremacy
Abstract: Europos Teisingumo Teismui bylose Van Gend & Loos bei Costa vs ENEL įtvirtinus ES teisės aktų viršenybės bei bei tiesioginio veikimo principus iškilo teisinis klausimas, ar šie principai nepažeidžia valstybių narių suvereniteto.Šio darbo problema yra ta, jog šie principai tiesiogiai nėra tiesiogiai įtvirtinti ES sutartyse, kurias ratifikavo šalių parlamentai, tačiau išaiškinti Europos Teisingumo Teismo(toliau -ETT), kuris šiuos principus išvedė aiškindamas ES sutarčių nuostatas taikant teleologinį teisės aktų aiškinimo modelį.Be to, ETT praktika rodo,jog Teismas ES teisės aktus vertina aukščiau nei vieną iš svarbiausių valstybės suvereniteto požymį-nacionalinę Konstituciją.Šiam darbui keliami šie uždaviniai:1) Apibrėžti Europos Sąjungos teisės bei suvereniteto sampratas naudojamas darbe. Pabrėžti acquis communautaire priėmimo svarbą kaip teisiškai įgalinančią ES riboti valstybių narių suverenitetą.Akcentuoti valstybės narės išlaikomus tarptautinį subjektiškumą bei valstybės požymius.2)Įvertinti ES sutartis bei antrinius teisės šaltinius kaip instrumentus įtvirtinančius Europos Sąjungos dalies suvereniteto perėmimimą iš valstybių narių.3) Apibendrinti Europos Teisingumo Teismo praktiką legitimizuojant ES teisės viršenybės, tiesioginio taikymo principus valstybių narių atžvilgiu 4)Išanalizuoti ES teisės aktų viršenybės principo taikymo problematiką valstybių narių Konstitucijų atžvilgiu.5)Pristatyti LR Konstitucinio Teismo ir Europos Teisingumo teismo suformuotus ES teisės viršenybės principo Konstitucijos atžvilgiu nuostatas bei kolizijas. Šio darbo tikslas-atsakyti į klausimą,ar ES teisės aktų viršenybės principas nacionalinių teisės aktų (Konstitucijos) atžvilgiu nepažeidžia valstybių narių suvereniteto.Šio darbo objektas- Europos Sąjungos teisės aktų viršenybės principo ir valstybių narių suvereniteto santykis.Įgyvendinant šį tikslą,bus vertinama bei analizuojama ETT suformuota praktika bei argumentai,pristatyta ir išanalizuota valstybių narių (bei Lietuvos) Konstitucinių teismų laikysena bei argumentai vertinant ES teisės bei nacionalinių teisės aktų (Konstitucijos) koliziją; taip pat bus analizuojamos teisės mokslininkų įžvalgos šios problemos kontekste.Atliekant tyrimą bus vertinama subsidiarumo principo svarba,tarptautinio subjektiškumo,santykių su trečiosiomis šalimis diskrecijos ribos. Atlikus tyrimą darytina išvada,jog iškelta hipotezė,kad ES teisės aktų viršenybės principas nacionalinių teisės aktų (Konstitucijos)atžvilgiu nepažeidžia valstybių narių suvereniteto.
Problems. After the European Court of Justice approved the EU law acts of supremacy and direct principles of working in cases of Van Gend & Loos bei Costa vs ENEL a juridical question emerged – do these principles violate states' members sovereignty. This juridical topic consolidates even more because these principles are not approved directly in the EU contracts ratified by countries parliaments, they are only explained by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) which constituted these principles explaining the EU contracts' regulations according the teleological law acts explanation model. This means that these fundamental principles of the European Union law were approved not by the legislative but by the judiciary. In many countries sovereignty belongs to the nation. In democratic countries people carry their sovereign power through the nation's representatives - members of Parliament (LR Constitutions' Art.2 and 4). When representatives of the nation (Parliament members), as trustees of people's sovereign, confirm a law act it ceases to valid if it is recognized as contradictory to the acts of EU. In this context, the question appears whether the EU law principle of supremacy formed by the judiciary (without the entrusted sovereignty transfer) is higher than that of members state's parliaments legislations and does it violate members state's sovereignty. In addition, what concerns the ECJ case Internationale Handelgesellschaft mbH it was emphatically said regardless that a usual or a constitutional law contradict to the regulation - this does not invalidate the EU law principle of supremacy. In this case the Republic of Lithuania's Constitutional Court made it clear on March 13 of 2006 that the EU act of supremacy principle was invoked in a situation of conflict between the regular law acts and the EU law, not between the EU law and constitutional rules. This question requires to be considered accurately because many members state's Constitutional Courts have an opposite view on ECJ suggested European monism philosophy. The topicality of this work. The spread of globalization in the 21 century has a significant impact on both countries' economical- cultural life and their law systems. After joining the European Union in 2004 primary (agreements) and secondary law acts (regulations, directives, decisions) were added and they have an essential impact on the Republic of Lithuania law system. The acceptance of EU acquis had a substantial impact on the Republic of Lithuania law since all law acts provided by the Parliament have to correspond the EU law and in an event of a conflict they cannot be applicable with the EU law. This works' topic is even more relevant nowadays, when the Treaty of Lisbon comes into force and the three-pillar system will be abolished, European Union's institutions will have more power to confirm more EU law acts in different fields. In addition, the fiscal discipline treaty will enable the Europe Commission to prescribe how it should be dealt with the national budget deficit, which will result in loose of independence of member states while solving national budget issues. The analysis of the member state's Constitutional jurisprudence can bring to a conclusion that the EU constitutional courts do not have a unified approach to EU law and the national constitutions ratio, resulting in this problem becomes particularly relevant in assessing the role of EU law in the member states. Therefore, it is important to carry out a study in order to evaluate the ECJ, EU, and scientists arguments about the National Constitutional courts take over bigger parts of members states sovereignty of the EU and the EU law role member states. Based on all the arguments above it is appropriate to carry out a study and evaluate, whether the European Union law acts of supremacy in regard to the Republic of Lithuania national law acts (Constitution) violate states' sovereignty ? The object of study: The relation between the European Union legislation and members state's sovereignty. The objectives of the study: 1. Define the European Union's law and sovereignty concepts used in this work. To emphasize the importance of the adoption of the acquis communautaire as legally enabling the EU to limit the sovereignty of the member state's. 2. Evaluate the treaties of EU and secondary sources of law as instruments consolidating the EU takeover of sovereignty from the member states. 3. Summarize the European Court of Justice practice legitimizing the EU law acts of supremacy direct application principles in point of member states. 4. Analize the problems of EU law acts of supremacy application in regard to the constitutions of member states. 5. Present the EU law act's of supremacy regulations and collisions formed by the Lithuanian Constitutional Court and the European Court of Justice in regard to the Constitution. The object of this work is to analyze relations between the EU law acts of supremacy principles and member state's sovereignty after ECJ, as a juridical institution, approved the EU law acts of supremacy, the sovereignty of the member state's was a strongly affected. Considering that the EU member states accepted the EU acquis inclusive all of its rules regarding to their national constitutional procedures (in case of the Republic of Lithuania - the prosecution of referendum) it can be assumed that by doing this member states legitimated the EU restrictions on state's sovereignty. Hence, it is important to consider state's international individuality, the ability to participate in relationships with other countries (with several exceptions) and the consolidation of the EU law in national constitutions. It is also substantial to mention the principle of subsidiary consolidation in the EU law as parliament's control mechanism which allows the control of national sovereignty protection. Considering the EU constitutional courts position it can be stated that the EU principle of supremacy in regard to the national law acts is accepted in all of the countries of EU. However, courts have their own opinions considering the relation between the Constitution and the EU law acts hierarchy. However, it is important to emphasize that the Constitutional doctrine of LR begins to change, and to recognize the primacy of EU law in regard with the constitution which legitimizes the constrains of the sovereignty even more. Taking into account the mentioned arguments of the analysis it can be stated that the hypothesis that the European Union law acts of supremacy in regard to the Republic of Lithuania national law acts (Constitution) violate states' sovereignty is disproved. This work examines the extremely important sovereignty and EU relations problems. Different opinions of ECJ, the National Constitutional courts and scientists considering the integration of the EU law and the perservation necessity of sovereignty show the importance of this analysis searching for common coexitance algorithm between the EU law and the sovereignty of autonomy. The research findings may be especially useful in the long run, in which the EU law will undoubtedly have more influience in member state's legal system and the political-economical life.
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:VDU, ASU ir LEU iki / until 2018

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