Taikomoji ekonomika: sisteminiai tyrimai / Applied Economics: Systematic Research 2010, nr. 4(1)

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  • Publication
    Protų nutekėjimas : užsienyje magistrantūros ar doktorantrūros studijas baigusiųjų reemigracijos analizė ir vertinimas
    [Remigration analysis and evaluation of Lithuanian stud ents studying master or doctorate abroad]
    research article ;
    Taikomoji ekonomika: sisteminiai tyrimai = Applied economics: systematic research. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, T. 4, nr. 1, 2010, p. 123-138
    Brain drain has been the object of much policy discussion in the global context for many years; however, in Lithuania it is a new phenomenon. The assessment of the brain drain scope in the country is not possible because of the lack of systematic data sources. Rapid globalization processes embrace more and more fields generating many economic, social, cultural, and other changes all over the world. These processes inevitably affect national labour markets, raising increasingly intensive and multidirectional labour movements. Two main tendencies stand out in the contemporary global migrations: 1) continually growing highly-skilled migration in all the flows and 2) the problem of brain drain increasingly affecting less developed countries. This phenomenon is mainly influenced by a rapid progress of science and technology that generates a steady growing demand for highly–skilled labour force in the international labour market. Contemporary Lithuanian migration as well as brain drain has been popularly interpreted as a phenomenon influenced mostly by the country‘s macroeconomic situation. One would perceive that Lithuanian emigration (particularly highly-skilled) could be stopped by the country‘s economic growth which would provide better working and living conditions. Y et, growing economy and welfare could not be perceived as the only one necessary factor to cease emigration. Attractive working and living conditions traditionally called pull factors may constantly raise emigration potential despite a speedy country‘s growth. Moreover, the causes of migration may be related to the specific country‘s characteristics and do not be dependent only on popular wage difference account. Thus it is important to assess which determinants dominate in Lithuanian students migration and what migrants are most influenced by it.[...].
      186  98
  • Publication
    The impact of globalization on food retailing in Latvia
    [Globalizacijos poveikis Latvijos maisto prekių mažmeninei prekybai]
    research article
    Gulbe, Ingūna
    ;
    Melece, Ligita
    ;
    Hazners, Juris
    Taikomoji ekonomika: sisteminiai tyrimai, 2010, t. 4, nr. 1, p. 69-85
    Straipsnyje analizuojami naujausi Latvijos maisto produktų mažmeninės prekybos rinkos pokyčiai, koncentracija ir susijungimo procesai. Įvertinamas mažmeninės prekybos sektoriaus poveikis pieninių tinklui, apžvelgiamos mažos pieno supirkimo kainos.
      31  24
  • Publication
    Efficiency of environmental NGOs in Brazil : do incentives matter?
    [Nevyriausybinių aplinkosaugos organizacijų efektyvumas Brazilijoje : ar skatinimas svarbu?]
    research article
    Melo, Mariana G.
    ;
    Araujo Jr., Ari Francisco de
    ;
    Shikida, Cláudio D.
    Taikomoji ekonomika: sisteminiai tyrimai, 2010, t. 4, nr. 1, p. 181-191
    Straipsnyje, naudojant stochastinių ribų analizę, nustatomi veiksniai, kurie įtakoja nevyriausybinių organizacijų veiksmingumą Brazilijoje. Pateikiami įrodymai apie tarpininkavimo problemų svarbą NVO.
      23  21
  • Publication
    The evaluation of real convergence of Lithuania
    [Lietuvos realiosios konvergencijos įvertinimas]
    research article
    Liutkus, Egidijus
    ;
    Junevičius, Algis
    Taikomoji ekonomika: sisteminiai tyrimai, 2010, t. 4, nr. 1, p. 13-28
    Straipsnyje analizuojama Lietuvos realioji konvergencija pasirengimo prisijungti prie Euro zonos kontekste. Lietuvos struktūrinis ekonominis panašumas įvertinamas pasitelkiant du įrankius - Optimalios valiutos erdvės indeksą ir Theil nelygybės koeficientą. Pateikiami minėtų rodiklių skaičiavimų rezultatai ir apibendrintos išvados.
      19  35
  • Publication
    Valiutų krizių poveikis ekonomikoms : Rusijos atvejis ir atgarsiai Lietuvoje
    [Currency crises impact on economies: Russian case and reverberations in Lithuania]
    research article ;
    Taikomoji ekonomika: sisteminiai tyrimai = Applied economics: systematic research. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, T. 4, nr. 1, 2010, p. 151-165
    There’s no universally accepted definition of a currency crisis, but most economists would agree that currency crisis can be defined as a speculative attack on a country’s currency that can result in a forced devaluation and possible debt default. The decade of the 1990s was certainly marked by a rather unusual number of currency crises such as the Mexican Peso Crisis of 1994-1995, the Asian Crisis of 1997, the Russian crisis of 1998 and its spillover to Latin America. These recent crises have naturally stimulated a deep interest in the study of relevant causes and consequences. This paper examines the reasons, consequences of the 1998 Russian currency crisis and analyses its consequences to Lithuania. The Russian crisis was also evidently connected with the earlier Asian crisis, and sent shock waves across global financial markets. Inadequate financial regulations and lack of information are some explanations for this contagion – effect. Still, a closer look shows that this crisis was mostly home made. So, main reasons of the Russian crisis were high budget deficit lasting many years, drop of export prices of energy raw materials, weak tax administration. Besides a whole range of factors of social nature accelerated the beginning of the crisis. By the end of September in 1998, the rouble had around 35% of its value before the crisis, monthly inflation was around 45% and the GDP was forecast to decrease 6% for the 1998. Therefore, the Russian currency crisis has dramatically set back a number of developments which were achieved by Russia following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Russian currency crisis effected Lithuania more than was expected. Growth forecasts have been revised downward for all of the Baltic countries. The hardest hit industries have been food and beverages and processing.[...].
      83  137