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Now showing 1 - 5 of 7
  • Publication
    Anykščių Šv. Mato parapija XVII–XVIII a. pradžioje
    [Anykščiai St. Matthew parish at the beginning of 17th – 18th c]
    research article
    Istorija : mokslo darbai = History. Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2020, T. 117, nr. 1, p. 4-23
    The article reveals the situation of the parish of St. Matthew in Anykščiai in the 17th century, presents data about the church, describes the altars, the pastoral activities of the clergy, and shows the relations of the population with the parish. One case study gives an insight into the functioning of the Catholic Church in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The research is carried out using unpublished documents of Anykščiai parish, such as the visit of 1678 and others, which have not been included in scientific circulation so far.
      159  164
  • other
    2020
      33  9
  • Publication
    Smurtas prieš moteris: seksualiniai nusikaltimai ir jų prevencijos idėjos Lietuvoje 1918–1940 m
    [Violence against women: sex crimes and prevention ideas in Lithuania in 1918–1940]
    research article
    Istorija : mokslo darbai = History. Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2020, T. 117, nr. 1, p. 24-46
    This article aims to investigate the legal definition of sex crimes in interwar Lithuania, to reveal general tendencies in sex crimes against women and to present ideas in the academic community at that time for the prevention of such crimes. In researching the 1918–1940 criminal law, two groups of sex crimes are distinguished: sanguliavimas – illicit sexual intercourse and gašlavimas – lewd acts. The analysis of sex crime statistical data and case law suggests that rape was the most common sexual crime against women in interwar Lithuania. The prevention of sex crimes during that period has received little attention, although in the academic community eugenics ideas were discussed that suggested sterilization or castration for sex offenders as a preventative and punitive measure, but this remained beyond the reach of the legal debate.
      231  180
  • Publication
    Anti-Soviet leaflets and climatic conditions: aftermath of the Cold War “Balloon Campaign” in Latvian SSR in 1954
    [Antisovietinė medžiaga ir klimato sąlygos: Šaltojo karo „Balionų kampanijos“ atgarsiai Latvijos TSR 1954 metais]
    research article
    Krēsliņš, Uldis
    Istorija, 2020, t. 117, nr. 1, p. 47-66
    In April 1954, reports of the Chairman of the Committee for State Security of the Latvian SSR to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the LSSR mentioned for the first time information about anti-Soviet leaflets found in the territory of the LSSR. Up to the end of 1954, there were another ten reports of found leaflets sent here by balloon. The peculiarity of these leaflets was that most often their text was in Czech, Hungarian and German languages, which most people of the LSSR did not know. It was evident that leaflets found had entered Latvian territory as a result of erroneous forecasting of climatic conditions. However this mistake also made the LSSR territory an arena for a “Balloon campaign” implemented by Western countries. It provides a good opportunity to compare content of leaflets prepared for different countries. The most relevant difference between the leaflets was that those in Hungarian, Czech and German detailed practical requirements, while those in Russian consisted of general theoretical reflections. In turn, what almost all leaflets had in common was an emphasis on so-called feedback, or in other words, on a desire for proof that the leaflets found their target addressees.
      82  63
  • Publication
    Search for the new Lithuanian ambassador for Washington in 1993
    [Naujojo Lietuvos ambasadoriaus Vašingtone paieškos 1993 metais]
    research article
    Istorija : mokslo darbai = History. Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2020, T. 117, nr. 1, p. 67-77
    Remiantis archyviniais dokumentais ir spaudos informacija, bandoma išsiaiškinti, ar 1993 metais LDDP vyriausybė ir prezidentas Algirdas M. Brazauskas teisėtai atšaukė ambasadorių Stasį Lozoraitį (jaun.) iš Vašingtono ir perkėlė analogiškoms pareigoms į Romą. Bandoma įvertinti pasirinktą kandidatą Lietuvos garbės generalinį konsulą Los Andžele Vytautą Čekanauską laikinai vadovauti Lietuvos diplomatinei misijai Vašingtone. Nors dalis JAV lietuvių palaikė V. Čekanausko kandidatūrą, sukeltas triukšmas, kad S. Lozoraitis (jaun.) neteisėtai atšauktas iš JAV ir su juo pasielgta negarbingai, V. Čekanauskas atsisakė siūlomo posto. Tam įtakos galėjo turėti ir Lietuvos valdžios siūloma jam neaiški perspektyva, nes nebuvo aiškios kalbos apie ambasadoriaus postą. Tuo pat metu Latvijos ir Estijos vyriausybės savo ambasadoriais Vašingtone paskyrė JAV latvių ir estų atstovus.
      94  64