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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)
Field of Science: Ekologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012)
Author(s): Andrušaitytė, Sandra;Gražulevičienė, Regina;Dėdelė, Audrius;Balsevičienė, Birutė
Title: The effect of residential greenness and city park visiting habits on preschool children's mental and general health in Lithuania: a cross-sectional study
Is part of: International journal of hygiene and environmental health. Amsterdam : Elsevier B.V., 2020, vol. 223, iss. 1
Extent: p. 142-150
Date: 2020
Keywords: Bloga sveikata;Protinė sveikata;Parkų lankomumas;Žaliosios erdvės;Sėdima veikla;Vaikų sveikata;Poor health;Mental health;City park use;Green spaces;Sedentary behaviour;Childrens' health
Abstract: Aim:The aim of this study was to determine the association between levels of residential surrounding greenness,preschool children's park use, sedentary behaviour, and mental and general health.Methods:This cross-sectional study included 1489 4-6-year-old children–residents of Kaunas city, Lithuania.Responses to the questionnaires completed by parents were used to ascertain children's general and mentalhealth. We estimated exposure to greenness by the normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), and timespent in a park (i.e. park use). We used multivariate logistic regression models to explore the independentassociations between health outcomes and surrounding greenness and time spent in the nearest city park,controlling for potential confounders.Results:Of all the studied children, 14% had poor perceived general health, and 44.7% spent 5 or more hours perweek in city parks. A significant increase in sedentary behaviour was observed in children with poor health.Every additional hour of time spent in parks was associated with decreased sedentary behaviour and a lower riskof poor health; meanwhile, lower residential greenness was associated with poorer mental and general health.Compared with NDVI-100 m > median and park use exceeding 5 h per week, lower greenness exposure andshorter park usage were associated with the risk of poor health (adjusted odds ratio 2.32 (95% CI: 1.43, 3.78)and the general risk of mental difficulties (adjusted odds ratio 1.43 (95% CI: 1.03, 2.18) in 4–6-year-old children.Conclusions:Lower residential greenness levels and less time spent in a park were associated with poorer generaland mental health among 4-6-year-old children. Physical activity in green spaces is recommended as a measureto prevent poor general and mental health among children.[...]
Affiliation(s): Aplinkotyros katedra
Mykolo Romerio universitetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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