Grupės ir aplinkos / Groups and Environments 2012, nr. 3

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  • Publication
    Etninių simbolių raiška ir reikšmės jaunimo subkultūrinėse grupėse
    [Ethnic symbols and meanings in youth subcultural groups]
    research article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 131-150
    Researchers of Lithuanian youth culture often notice tendencies for cultural groups’ interest in ethnic culture. This tendency is often expressed with learning history and culture of their ancestors and their lifestyle, not only pagan religion. They are reviving not only religion, but also music, arts, crafts. The growing numbers of reconstruction clubs, rise of popularity of folklore in various groups and emergence of subcultural pagan metal groups show the importance of ancient worldviews to young people. This article, using comparative analysis of symbolic expression of members of metal and skinhead subcultures and pagan and folklore groups, aims to show values and identity features that are usual to members of these groups. When interacting in the same cultural spaces (youth festivals, celebrations etc.), these groups create broader cultural field, which generates common cultural meanings and associates cultural identity with ethnic culture, expressed in modern forms. This cultural field consists of metal and skinhead subcultures, folk musicians, craftsmen, reconstruction clubs, religious pagan communities and others. Despite the differences of groups in this cultural field, they are united by pagan worldviews and usage of the same symbols. Most common of them are brass jewelry, Baltic symbols: grass snakes, spiral, swastika and others. These symbols are a cultural code, which unites various groups and reveals their search for modern ethnocultural identity.
      364  79
  • Publication
    Pulsuojantis Londono skvotų grupiškumas : Lietuvių atvejis
    [“Pulsatting” squat groups in London: Lithuanian squatters]
    research article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 7-41
    This paper examines squatting phenomenon and informal squat groups in nowadays society. The Ministry of Justice in Great Britain is declaring that in these days Eastern European immigrants squats are settled in about a half of London city area. It is also known that majority of these squatters are from Poland and Lithuania. This article presents reasons why individuals prefer to leave Lithuania and to live in London’s squats. Also, this article focuses on analysis of informal squat groups in London. The empirical data for this research was collected in November 2011, in London squats. Relevance and novelty of this subject is related to the microanalysis of squat groups’ formation and development under the influence of contextual environments. The way of self-organisation, living and acting in the informal squat group, as well as the impact of external environment on the group were the main subjects in this research. The research defines dual environments, encouraging the Lithuanians to leave Lithuania and to squat: “pushing away”, related with the unfavourable socioeconomical conditions in Lithuania and “attracting”, related with the attraction of culture and/or social networks. The research also revealed that development of informal squat groups is related to the process of dynamic cyclic development replicated and “pulsating” in time.
      133  60
  • Publication
    Making sense of punk subcultures in the neoliberal United States
    [Bebandant suprasti pankų subkultūras neoliberaliose Jungtinėse Valstijose]
    research article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 115-129
    The punk phenomenon has been both widely praised and criticized. For some, it has been the ultimate expression of youthful anger and rebellion, especially in the 1980s when the United States was once again returning to a white heteronormative value system and mass consumerism. For others, it is evidence of a postmodern condition where any rebellion is systematically appropriated and pacified through the consumer market. Punk subculture(s) have also been widely criticized both for their inability to live up to self-proclaimed ideals of egalitarianism and for their failure to break away from the social norms structuring larger society. In this paper, I take the rise of hardcore punk subcultures in the early 1980s and the diversification of punk, such as Riot Grrrl and Queercore, in the 1990s as a broad historical framework, while analyzing punk discourses throughout punk history in the US. In providing a broader overview of debates in various disciplines this paper aims to address some of the concerns over issues of the “holy family” of social sciences in the US, namely those of gender/sexuality, race, and class, while situating them within a historico-political context. It also discusses the theoretical considerations of subcultural and popular culture studies by analyzing primary and secondary materials within and about punk subcultures. It is common to assume that subculture, by its very nature, implies exclusivity: who is excluded and why may vary, but exclusions remain prevalent. However, in the neoliberal and identity politics era, these exclusions became more subtle even if more frequently addressed. [...]
      323  62
  • Publication
    Krikščioniškos tematikos humoras internetiniame forume „army777.lt“
    [Christian humour in the internet forum “army777.lt”]
    research article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 93-113
    The object of this article is the internet forum “army777.lt” and Christian textual and visual anecdotes that can be found in this forum. The aim of this paper is to introduce the folklore of the internet forum “army777.lt” and to reveal social and cultural contexts. Members of different subcultures belong to this virtual community. Despite the fact that the same values unite these people, they have different sense of humour. That is why some anecdotes seem to be funny for some visitors of the forum; to other visitors it seems to be sacrilegious. Irony, black humour and disregard of authority are popular. It was revealed that textual anecdotes usually take into consideration a caste of clergy. Meanwhile, the most part of visual anecdotes tells about the main figure of Christianity, Jesus Christ. Textual and visual anecdotes do not digress from ordinary life. It is common to transfer the scenes from the Bible to the modern world or rationalize the sacramental issues. The basic attributes of digital space in the internet forum “army777.lt” are sustained: oral writing, vast variety of visual interjection, frequent usage of English and intercultural expressions.
      500  85