Browsing Grupės ir aplinkos / Groups and Environments 2009, nr. 1 by: Subject "Ethnography"
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Grupių elgesio modeliavimo link : naujieji pagonysPublication[Towards modelling group behaviours : neo-pagan community]In this article we describe the properties and behaviour of a small group of Lithuanian neopagans. The information was obtained through both observations and a series of in-depth interviews, the latter organized in accord with a questionnaire constructed to elucidate group values and important interactions with the group environment. The information was collected and organized as guided by a dynamical systems approach, where each individual of the group is treated as a system whose total environment consists of all the other individuals and also the more general environment common to all the group members. This approach naturally groups the interactions between the chosen system and its environment into system inputs and system outputs, which however are strongly modified by the system state. In turn, changes in the system state are produced by system inputs, which in turn may come about due to earlier system outputs directed to the environment. Thus feedback loops which either enhance or suppress selected behaviours can and do arise.[...] 54 58
Pamokos, įgytos pažvelgus pro rakto skylutę į hipių rojų (2)Publication[Lessons from a Hippie Paradise Glimpsed Through a Keyhole (2)]Because there is a close relationship between observations and theory, in this paper we presented examples of ethnographic information viewed within a dynamical systems approach as applied to study the behavior of a small hippy community in Lithuania during the Soviet era. This approach invites organization of the domain of observation into systems, environments and interactions as a way to deal with complex systems in a manageable way and yet maintain consistency between incomplete descriptions, the usual situation in field work. The first section concentrates on the description of individuals as systems, pointing out the information needed to describe their states and responses to interactions coming from their environments. The second section emphasizes the definition of interactions among the subsystems, particularly the influences that individuals exert on their environments. As this is a preliminary report, neither analysis is yet complete: the work has yet to include all the individuals making up the group and the number of variables needs to be increased. Nevertheless we feel that even the incomplete examples are sufficient to indicate that the introduction of systems concepts, which then structure the ethnographic information into states, expression variables, and influence variables, has considerable utility. While it is yet to be convincingly demonstrated, it appears that it may be possible to relate the essentials of group phenomena to the interplay of self-expression variables and influence variables between the group members in the course of forging a group identity. By providing a common informational structure for describing groups such a systems oriented approach should provide a natural framework for making comparisons between different subcultural groups, not only for the Lithuanian ‘hippie’ subculture of the late 1960s and early 1970s as discussed here. 47 70