Browsing Grupės ir aplinkos / Groups and Environments 2012, nr. 3 by: Area "Sociologija / Sociology (S005)"
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Grįžtamoji migracija : protų susigrąžinimas ir prisitaikymo galimybės LietuvojePublication[Return migration: brain gain and possibilities of adaptation in Lithuania]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 43-72The article analyzes return migration to Lithuania, the returnees’ possibilities of adaptation, and their motivations to remain in the country. The aim is to reveal and evaluate person’s motivation to return and possibilities of adaptation. The object of this work is persons who have returned to Lithuania after living a substantial amount of time abroad, who are trying to use their accumulated experience in their homeland. The article analysis is based on original empirical research on the adaptation processes of returnees to Lithuania, employing the half-structured interview method. Dynamic systems access was used organizing the questionnaire and analysis of the data which offers to structure the data into the environment–status–expression variables and find their interactions. The research was carried out in 2011-2012 by interviewing 8 respondents. Analysis of the data focuses on the mental state of persons who have decided to return and the environmental factors influencing them. There are many different reasons why it is difficult for returnees to integrate in their home countries: it may be deficient knowledge of the language, cultural differences, social alienation, or discrimination. The study reveals the main reasons determining the decision to return to live in Lithuania and discusses factors which help or hinder the returnees to successfully establish themselves and use their accumulated human capital in their homeland. Rapidly changing society in Lithuania, possibility of a better quality of life, including the ability to work an intellectual work, accessible social services, cultural life and nature led to the return. Especially important is the environment of the family, and other relatives living in Lithuania. Decision to return mainly was based on importance of social contacts. These relationships have a greater effect on return than economic reasons. [...] 230 98
Pulsuojantis Londono skvotų grupiškumas : Lietuvių atvejisPublication[“Pulsatting” squat groups in London: Lithuanian squatters]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 7-41This paper examines squatting phenomenon and informal squat groups in nowadays society. The Ministry of Justice in Great Britain is declaring that in these days Eastern European immigrants squats are settled in about a half of London city area. It is also known that majority of these squatters are from Poland and Lithuania. This article presents reasons why individuals prefer to leave Lithuania and to live in London’s squats. Also, this article focuses on analysis of informal squat groups in London. The empirical data for this research was collected in November 2011, in London squats. Relevance and novelty of this subject is related to the microanalysis of squat groups’ formation and development under the influence of contextual environments. The way of self-organisation, living and acting in the informal squat group, as well as the impact of external environment on the group were the main subjects in this research. The research defines dual environments, encouraging the Lithuanians to leave Lithuania and to squat: “pushing away”, related with the unfavourable socioeconomical conditions in Lithuania and “attracting”, related with the attraction of culture and/or social networks. The research also revealed that development of informal squat groups is related to the process of dynamic cyclic development replicated and “pulsating” in time. 134 60
Reabilitacinės Pilnų namų bendruomenės procesai : gydymo modelio, besigydančio asmens ir bendruomenės santykisPublication[Full House community rehabilitation processes: the relationship between the treatment model, the treated individual and community]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 173-215This study analyzes the relationship between the treatment model used in the Alcoholics Anonymous Association AA rehabilitation center, the addicts and community. The study describes what the likely results would be of the interaction between the addict and the treatment model. It is noted, that the reasons for “miscommunications” between the treatment model and the treated individual could be linked to the inadequacies in the treatment model and the individual afflicted with addiction as well as difficulties related to the adaptation process in the rehabilitation community. The objective of the study is to determine why a large percentage of people stop their treatment in the rehab prematurely and what influences their decision. The study tries to answer the questions, to what degree does the decision to stay in treatment depend on the interactions between the system (individual) being researched and the surrounding environment, and to what degree is the decision influenced by the nature of the illness and character of the individual. The article contains an empirical study of a “Pilnų namų bendruomenė” (Full house community), its treatment model and the people being treated there. The study is performed using a qualitative research method. The study revealed, that by following the rules described in the treatment model an individual who is being treated facilitates the treatment process and provides hope for future successful development of the illness of addiction. Successful adaptation in the Full house community directly correlates to the ability of an individual to adapt to the treatment model used in the rehabilitation center. After overcoming the difficulties of the adaptation period and having conformed to the order of the community suggested by the treatment model, other problems, related to the changed and adapted state, emerge. 373 63