Browsing Grupės ir aplinkos / Groups and Environments 2012, nr. 3 by: Area "Etnologija / Ethnology (H006)"
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Aktyvumo būsenos skinhedų subkultūrojePublication[Activity in skinhead subculture]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 151-171On the basis of field studies which were performed during 2004-2010, the author in his article compares skinhead groups with respect to their activity. Three states of activity have been identified and defined by group members’ activity and the internal structure of the group. In the first – the inactive, or “hibernation” – state, the skinheads do not act as a group and have no common activity, although there are individuals with the identity of this subculture in the area. In the second – the active (“party”) – state, the group mostly limits its activity to spontaneous or retaliatory actions and spending free time together. In the third – the highly active (“extremist”) – state, the group acquires signs if an organization engages in planned actions alongside the spontaneous ones, and becomes more closed with respect to other groups. The research was aimed at determining what factors conditioned the transition from one state of activity to the other. A combination of the concepts of the systems theory and ethnographic description was applied to identify internal and external environments, interaction between group members, and the effect of this interaction on the activity of the group. 254 43
Etninių simbolių raiška ir reikšmės jaunimo subkultūrinėse grupėsePublication[Ethnic symbols and meanings in youth subcultural groups]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 131-150Researchers of Lithuanian youth culture often notice tendencies for cultural groups’ interest in ethnic culture. This tendency is often expressed with learning history and culture of their ancestors and their lifestyle, not only pagan religion. They are reviving not only religion, but also music, arts, crafts. The growing numbers of reconstruction clubs, rise of popularity of folklore in various groups and emergence of subcultural pagan metal groups show the importance of ancient worldviews to young people. This article, using comparative analysis of symbolic expression of members of metal and skinhead subcultures and pagan and folklore groups, aims to show values and identity features that are usual to members of these groups. When interacting in the same cultural spaces (youth festivals, celebrations etc.), these groups create broader cultural field, which generates common cultural meanings and associates cultural identity with ethnic culture, expressed in modern forms. This cultural field consists of metal and skinhead subcultures, folk musicians, craftsmen, reconstruction clubs, religious pagan communities and others. Despite the differences of groups in this cultural field, they are united by pagan worldviews and usage of the same symbols. Most common of them are brass jewelry, Baltic symbols: grass snakes, spiral, swastika and others. These symbols are a cultural code, which unites various groups and reveals their search for modern ethnocultural identity. 365 81
Krikščioniškos tematikos humoras internetiniame forume „army777.lt“Publication[Christian humour in the internet forum “army777.lt”]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 93-113The object of this article is the internet forum “army777.lt” and Christian textual and visual anecdotes that can be found in this forum. The aim of this paper is to introduce the folklore of the internet forum “army777.lt” and to reveal social and cultural contexts. Members of different subcultures belong to this virtual community. Despite the fact that the same values unite these people, they have different sense of humour. That is why some anecdotes seem to be funny for some visitors of the forum; to other visitors it seems to be sacrilegious. Irony, black humour and disregard of authority are popular. It was revealed that textual anecdotes usually take into consideration a caste of clergy. Meanwhile, the most part of visual anecdotes tells about the main figure of Christianity, Jesus Christ. Textual and visual anecdotes do not digress from ordinary life. It is common to transfer the scenes from the Bible to the modern world or rationalize the sacramental issues. The basic attributes of digital space in the internet forum “army777.lt” are sustained: oral writing, vast variety of visual interjection, frequent usage of English and intercultural expressions. 501 85
Meilės istorijos lietuvių paauglių ir jaunimo folklorePublication[Love stories in Lithuanian adolescent and youth folklore]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3, p. 73-91Love stories thriving among teenagers and youth came to Lithuania through translations from the Russian language in the second half of the 20th century. Even though love stories underwent changes because of new ways of spread, they have survived through to the present day. This article analyses three kinds of love stories: manuscript, internet-written and internet-video stories. Manuscript stories existed as an esoteric girls’ literature; internet-written stories became available for readers of both genders, however, it is females who dominate as authors; and video stories are created and commented by young people of both genders. In this article, the dominating narrative patterns are singled out, the strategy of narration and the changes in writing practices are discussed, and the most typical features of style are highlighted. The in depth analysis of love stories’ inner structure reveals the actualization of the archetype of initiation and the role of death and love torment in the process of transformation. 160 52