Browsing Grupės ir aplinkos / Groups and Environments 2009, nr. 1 by: Area "Sociologija / Sociology (S005)"
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Kriminalinė subkultūra už įkalinimo įstaigos ribų : benamiai, buvę nuteistiejiPublication[Criminal subculture outside the prison walls: homeless ex-convicts]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : Interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 1 (2009), p. 127-141The homeless is one of the social exclusion groups in Lithuania experiencing the highest level of social exclusion. The problem of social exclusion poses many questions to the researchers of society. The specific lifestyle of the members of this group often hinders the process of studying this group more thoroughly. The researchers claim that this group is very heterogeneous. One of it’s subgroups is the homeless ex-convicts. This article is an attempt to present recognize the experience of the members of this group, their lifestyle as well as, the value of self and the others. The insights of this article are based on the homeless research performed in Kaunas in the years 2003–2008. The methods used in the research include the deep interviews and the participant observation. The results of the research have revealed that the social group of the homeless ex-convicts has absorbed many elements of the criminal subculture. We can say that the criminal subculture is the origin of the group of the homeless ex-convicts. These elements include such obvious features as the language, the behaviour, etc and such internal interpersonal features as the inter-relations, the specific relations with the environment, the identity, the social capital, etc. The negative opinion of the society and of the other homeless aggravates the social integration of the homeless ex-convicts and strengthens the external and internal social exclusion and stigmatization of this group. 269 128
Metalistų subkultūros bruožaiPublication[Particular Attributes of the Metal Music Subculture]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : Interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 1 (2009), p. 275-299This author’s bachelor’s theses base this article. The purpose was to gather and systematise data on the metal music subculture in Lithuania and describe its fundamental features of identity. To compile this article, the method of observing the metalist subculture, in-depth interviews and a structures questionnaire were employed and 35 members were interviewed. The research was conducted in the cities of Kaunas and Vilnius from 2007 August to 2008 April. The data analysis establishes that the main components of the subcultural identity of metal music enthusiasts, here called “metalists”, are worldview, music and the image and lifestyle they are creating. Metal music is the essential unifying factor of the subculture. It is distinguishable by its complexity, live performance and diversity of styles. The identity of the metal music subculture also relates to the image its members design that is meant to express the ideology of the subculture (e.g., black colour, long hair, preferences for military boots and leather and jeans-style clothing). The most frequently encountered symbols are related to rebellion against Christianity: the pentagram, upside-down cross, fire and different Pagan symbols. Such symbols are not only used as accessories on clothing but also for the logos the metal music groups use.[...] 440 66
Metalo muzikos gerbėjų fanzinai : subkultūrinės grupės tapatybės kodaiPublication[Fanzines of Metal Music Headbangers: Tthe Codes of the Identity and the Subcultural Group]research articleGrupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : Interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 1 (2009), p. 199-220The article presents a part of the empirical research on the Lithuanian metal music subcultural identity as it is portrayed in its media, the fanzines. The article aims at exploring the forms of the collective identity of the expressive youth socio-cultural group (subculture) as it is presented by the specific media. Through their verbal and visual texts, the fanzines present the ideas and views of three structural parts of the subculture: the musicians, the fans and the media (editors and publishers). However, they do not include any “other” external parts which would be interested in the commerce and profit. For that reason, fanzines acquire their special traits and gain the possibilities not only to delineate and reinforce the standards of the metal music subculture, but also to participate in the formation and maintenance of the collective identity of this socio-cultural group. As claimed by Deena Weinstein (2000), the name of the metal music subculture comes from the name of a musical genre, thus the music is the main emblem of this sub-cultural group, but it is not its reason for the existence. In her analysis of the metal music sub-culture, Weinstein (2000) originally singled out three codes – sonic, verbal, and visual – that were inherent to the given sub-culture. The idea of such codes was employed in the analysis of the identity of the Lithuanian metal music subculture. The empirical research of fanzines revealed that the identity of the Lithuanian metal music subculture manifests itself not only in its sonic, visual and verbal forms, but also in the existence of one more very important level which in the present article is referred to as an ideological code (worldviews, cultural ideas, opposition, protests, etc).[...] 237 70